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Keywords:

  • human lysozyme;
  • process economics;
  • transgenic rice;
  • protein purification;
  • hen egg-white lysozyme

Abstract

Human lysozyme and hen egg-white lysozyme have antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties with numerous potential commercial applications. Currently, hen egg-white lysozyme dominates low cost applications but the recent high-level expression of human lysozyme in rice could provide an economical source of lysozyme. This work compares human lysozyme and hen egg-white lysozyme adsorption to the cation exchange resin, SP-Sepharose™ FF, and the effect of rice extract components on lysozyme purification. With one exception, the dynamic binding capacities of human lysozyme were lower than those of hen egg-white at pH 4.5, 6, and 7.5 with ionic strengths ranging from 0 to 100 mM (5–20 mS). Ionic strength and pH had a similar effect on the adsorption capacities, but human lysozyme was more sensitive to these two factors than hen egg-white lysozyme. In the presence of rice extract, the dynamic binding capacities of human and hen egg-white lysozymes were reduced by 20–30% and by 32–39% at pH 6. Hen egg-white lysozyme was used as a benchmark to compare the effectiveness of human lysozyme purification from transgenic rice extract. Process simulation and cost analyses for human lysozyme purification from rice and hen egg-white lysozyme purification from egg-white resulted in similar unit production costs at 1 ton per year scale. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2011