Further Reading

  • Auster, Ethel, and Choo, Chun Wei. 1993. Environmental scanning by CEOs in two Canadian industries. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 44, no. 4: 194203.
  • Choo, Chun Wei. 1998a. Information management for the intelligent organization: The art of scanning the environment. Second ed. Medford, NJ: Information Today, Inc. (
  • Choo, Chun Wei. 1998b. The knowing organization: How organizations use information to construct meaning, create knowledge, and make decisions. New York: Oxford University Press. (
  • Choo, Chun Wei, and Auster, Ethel. Ed. Williams, Martha E. 1993. Scanning the business environment: Acquisition and use of information by managers. In Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, vol. 28. Medford, NJ: Learned Information, Inc., for the American Society for Information Science.
  • Choo, Chun Wei, Detlor, Brian, and Turnbull, Don. 1998. A behavioral model of information seeking on the web: Preliminary results of a study of how managers and IT specialists use the Web. In Proceedings of the 61st ASIS Annual Meeting held in Pittsburgh, PA, Information Today Inc.
  • Fahey, Liam, and Randall, Robert M.. 1998. Learning from the future: Competitive foresight scenarios. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Fuld, Leonard M., 1995. The new competitor intelligence: The complete resource for finding, analyzing, and using information about your competitors. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Gilad, Benjamin, and Gilad, Tamar. 1988. The business intelligence system: A new tool for competitive advantage. New York, NY: Amacom.
  • Herring, Jan P., 1992. Business intelligence in Japan and Sweden: Lessons for the US. Journal of Business Strategy13, no. 2: 4449.
  • Kahaner, Larry. 1996. Competitive intelligence: From black ops to boardrooms – how businesses gather, analyze, and use information to succeed in the global marketplace. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
  • Nakagawa, Juro. Ed. Sigurdson, Jon and Tagerud, Yael, 1992. Intelligence, trade and industry. In The intelligent corporation: The privatization of intelligence, 3951. London, UK: Taylor Graham.
  • Sutton, Howard. 1988. Competitive intelligence. New York: The Conference Board, Inc.