Computer refurbishing: Environmentally reducing the digital divide
Version of Record online: 14 FEB 2012
Copyright © 2012 American Society for Information Science and Technology
Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology
Volume 38, Issue 3, pages 58–62, February/March 2012
How to Cite
Fosdick, H. (2012), Computer refurbishing: Environmentally reducing the digital divide. Bul. Am. Soc. Info. Sci. Tech., 38: 58–62. doi: 10.1002/bult.2012.1720380314
- Issue online: 14 FEB 2012
- Version of Record online: 14 FEB 2012
Resources Mentioned in the Article
- 1NTIA (U.S. Department of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration). (February 2011). Digital nation: Expanding Internet usage. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/ntia_internet_use_report_february_2011.pdf.
- 22010). Smart reuse with open source: Linux goes green. OS News. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from http://www.osnews.com/story/23451/Smart_Reuse_with_Open_Source_Linux_Goes_Green.(June 5,
- 32010). Scandal: Most “recycled” computers are not recycled. OS News. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from http://www.osnews.com/story/23526/Scandal_Most_Recycled_Computers_are_Not_Recycled.(July 7,
- 4United Nations University. (May–June 2004). Study tallies environmental cost of computer boom. update.unu.edu. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from http://archive.unu.edu/update/archive/issue31_5.htm.
- 62010). How to revitalize mature computers. OS News. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.osnews.com/story/23645/How_to_Revitalize_Mature_Computers.(August 4,
- 72010). How to tune-up windows. OS News. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.osnews.com/story/23916/How_to_Tune_Up_Windows.(October
- 8Darik's Boot and Nuke software is freely available at the DBAN website – http://www.dban.org/.
- 9ICC Computer Crime Services. (September 11, 2006). Nigerian based financial fraud linked to UK computers. ICC News. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.icc-ccs.org/news/121-nigerian-based-financial-fraud-linked-to-british-computers.
- 10Basel Action Network (BAN) lobbies for completely banning overseas exports; see http://www.ban.org/.
- 11World Reuse, Repair, and Recycling Association (WR3A): http://www.wr3a.org/. WR3A is a business consortium supporting development of Fair Trade standards for international electronics recycling.
- 12News stories. All items were retrieved on September 9, 2011. 60 Minutes: http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/11/06/60minutes/main4579229_page2.shtml NPR: Error! Hyperlink reference not valid. BBC World News: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7543489.stm, PBS Frontline: http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/ghana804/ Huffingtonpost: Error! Hyperlink reference not valid., CNN: Error! Hyperlink reference not valid.
- 13For Microsoft's two refurbisher programs see http://www.microsoft.com/refurbishedpcs/Programs.htm.
- 14TechSoup. (July 20, 2011). A quick guide to discounted software programs. Philanthropy News Digest. Retrieved September 13, 2011, from http://foundationcenter.org/pnd/techsoup/ts_print.jhtml;jsessionid=04GQFAUUNZMRNLAQBQ4CGW15AAAACI2F?id=350600001. See TechSoup Global's financial contributors in their annual report, downloadable as of September 12, 2011, from http://www.techsoupglobal.org/sites/default/files/TSG_Annual_Report_2010.pdf.
- 15U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. (Updated weekly). The World Factbook: http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/. See https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2172rank.html. The CIA chart ranks nations from highest down to lowest income inequality. The corresponding Wikipedia entry allows you to dynamically sort country rankings by any of several criteria, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_income_equality. This statement is based on sorting the Wikipedia entry by the column “CIA Gini as a percentage.” The U.S. ranks 94th of the 134 countries for which there is data. Both items were retrieved on September 12, 2011.
- 16As per the non-profit website for TechSoup, which supports refurbishing using Microsoft and other commercial software. See http://www.techsoup.org/learningcenter/hardware/page5496.cfm. Retrieved on January 8, 2012.