Multiple variations of the arterial pattern in upper extremities: A case report and embryological pathogenesis
Article first published online: 4 OCT 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 26, Issue 8, pages 1031–1035, November 2013
How to Cite
Klimek-Piotrowska, W., Pacholczak, R. and Walocha, J. (2013), Multiple variations of the arterial pattern in upper extremities: A case report and embryological pathogenesis. Clin. Anat., 26: 1031–1035. doi: 10.1002/ca.22171
- Issue published online: 24 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 4 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 19 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Received: 16 MAY 2012
- upper extremity;
- palmar arch;
- brachioradial artery
During a routine dissection at the Department of Anatomy, Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University, one cadaver was found to have multiple variations of the arteries of the upper limbs. The variations pertained to the course of the brachial artery as well as to its distribution. An unusual formation of the superficial palmar arch was observed in both upper limbs. The anatomical peculiarities encountered included: in the left upper limb—the brachioradial artery, which formed the superficial palmar arch by turning to the palmar side of the hand and connecting with the ulnar artery and in the right upper limb—a subscapular-circumflex humeral-deep brachial trunk that correlated with a high division of the brachial artery (in the upper third of the biceps brachii muscle), a large anastomosis between the radial and the ulnar artery, the presence of a persistent median artery, and the unusual formation of the superficial palmar arch, which was created by the median, ulnar, and radial arteries. In this report, we will trace the path of the axillary artery and its branches in detail and emphasize its embryological significance. Clin. Anat. 26:1031–1035, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.