Role of female pelvic anatomy in infertility
Article first published online: 30 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Special Issue: Special Issue on the Female Patient
Volume 26, Issue 1, pages 89–96, January 2013
How to Cite
Harris-Glocker, M. and McLaren, J. F. (2013), Role of female pelvic anatomy in infertility. Clin. Anat., 26: 89–96. doi: 10.1002/ca.22188
- Issue published online: 12 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 30 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 26 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 21 SEP 2012
- pelvic anatomy;
- tubal factor infertility;
Infertility is defined as a couple's failure to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. The etiology of infertility can be due to female factors, male factors, combined male and female factors, or have an unknown etiology. This review focuses on the role of female pelvic anatomy in infertility. Normal anatomy and the physiology of reproduction will be discussed, as well as the anatomic and pathophysiologic processes that cause infertility including ovulatory disorders, endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, tubal blockage, mullerian anomalies, and abnormalities affecting the uterine cavity such as leiomyomata and endometrial polyps. Clin. Anat. 26:89–96, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.