Role of female pelvic anatomy in infertility

Authors

  • Miranda Harris-Glocker,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama
    • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Janet F. McLaren

    1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Infertility is defined as a couple's failure to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. The etiology of infertility can be due to female factors, male factors, combined male and female factors, or have an unknown etiology. This review focuses on the role of female pelvic anatomy in infertility. Normal anatomy and the physiology of reproduction will be discussed, as well as the anatomic and pathophysiologic processes that cause infertility including ovulatory disorders, endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, tubal blockage, mullerian anomalies, and abnormalities affecting the uterine cavity such as leiomyomata and endometrial polyps. Clin. Anat. 26:89–96, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Ancillary