This work was supported by JPSP Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), No. 24530823 to the first author. The authors thank Jane Kroger for her insightful comments on a draft of this chapter.
Personal identity in Japan†
Article first published online: 6 DEC 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company
New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Special Issue: Identity Around the World
Volume 2012, Issue 138, pages 123–143, Winter 2012
How to Cite
Sugimura, K. and Mizokami, S. (2012), Personal identity in Japan . New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2012: 123–143. doi: 10.1002/cad.20025
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 6 DEC 2012
This chapter explores characteristics of identity formation among Japanese adolescents and young adults living in a cultural context where individualism has been increasingly emphasized even while maintaining collectivism. We argue that, to develop a sense of identity in Japanese culture, adolescents and young adults carefully consider others' perspectives, resolve conflicts between self and others, and, in some cases, merge themselves into relationships and groups rather than pursuing their own uniqueness. However, at the same time, as Japanese society changes in various ways, such as the educational and employment systems, a traditional type of identity may gradually become less functional. A new identity configuration, individualistic collectivism, emerges. We also provide future directions for research toward a more global understanding of identity formation among Japanese adolescents and young adults. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.