This research uses data from Add Health (http://www.cpc.unc.edu/addhealth), a project directed by J. Richard Udry, Peter S. Bearman, and Kathleen Mullan Harris at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and funded by grant P01-HD31921 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, with cooperative funding from 23 other federal agencies and foundations. Special acknowledgment is due to Ronald R. Rindfuss and Barbara Entwisle for assistance in the original design. No direct support was received from grant P01-HD31921 for this analysis. Special thanks are given to the William T. Grant Young Scholar award to Sandra Simpkins (#7936) for support of this project and to the master's thesis committee of the first author for invaluable feedback: Sandra D. Simpkins, Ph.D. (chair); David A. Schaefer, Ph.D.; and Kimberly A. Updegraff, Ph.D.
When Is Sport Participation Risky or Protective for Alcohol Use? The Role of Teammates, Friendships, and Popularity†
Article first published online: 13 JUN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company
New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Special Issue: Organized Out-of-School Activities: Settings for Peer Relationships
Volume 2013, Issue 140, pages 37–55, Summer 2013
How to Cite
Vest, A. E. and Simpkins, S. D. (2013), When Is Sport Participation Risky or Protective for Alcohol Use? The Role of Teammates, Friendships, and Popularity . New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2013: 37–55. doi: 10.1002/cad.20036
- Issue published online: 13 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 13 JUN 2013
Little is known about how adolescents' peer relations might alter whether sport participation is associated with alcohol use. Consistent with social learning theory, we found that sport participation was protective against alcohol use if these peers had low alcohol use, but athletes were likely to use alcohol if their sport friends and teammates had high alcohol use. Interestingly, those with no or low sport participation seemed to emulate the alcohol use of their non-sport friends, whereas adolescents in a high number of sports had elevated alcohol use regardless of their non-sport friends' alcohol use. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.