Addiction as a functional representation
Article first published online: 1 MAR 2001
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
Volume 11, Issue 1, pages 57–62, January/February 2001
How to Cite
Heim, D., Davies, J. B., Cheyne, B. and Smallwood, J. (2001), Addiction as a functional representation. J. Community. Appl. Soc. Psychol., 11: 57–62. doi: 10.1002/casp.575
- Issue published online: 1 MAR 2001
- Article first published online: 1 MAR 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 MAR 2000
- Manuscript Received: 7 JUN 1999
- social representations;
- social construction;
- theories of addiction
This study examined how perceptions of the addicted state vary as a function of social conditions, personal circumstances and type of substance. University students (n = 144) were presented with portrayals of drug users in which sex, drug type and social setting were varied. A questionnaire determined the degree to which participants thought that the person portrayed was (i) addicted, (ii) prone to use drugs due to his/her personality, and (iii) perceived as a problem to society. The pattern of results fitted a functional model of the addiction concept rather than an attempt to describe an ‘objective’ state. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.