The relationships between contact, status and prejudice: An integrated threat theory analysis of Hindu–Muslim relations in India
Version of Record online: 3 DEC 2008
Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
Volume 19, Issue 2, pages 83–94, March/April 2009
How to Cite
Tausch, N., Hewstone, M. and Roy, R. (2009), The relationships between contact, status and prejudice: An integrated threat theory analysis of Hindu–Muslim relations in India. J. Community. Appl. Soc. Psychol., 19: 83–94. doi: 10.1002/casp.984
- Issue online: 27 JAN 2009
- Version of Record online: 3 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JAN 2008
- intergroup contact;
- group status;
- integrated threat theory;
In the context of Hindu–Muslim relations in India, the present study (N = 87) utilized Integrated Threat Theory (Stephan & Stephan, 2000) to examine the mediating roles of intergroup anxiety, realistic and symbolic threats and the moderating role of group membership (Hindu vs. Muslim) in the relationships between cross-community contact, relative in-group status and prejudice. Overall, intergroup anxiety and realistic, but not symbolic, threat emerged as proximal predictors of prejudice and partial mediators between the predictor and criterion variables. But these findings were qualified by majority (Hindu) versus minority (Muslim) group membership. As predicted, while symbolic threat was a predictor of prejudice for Hindus, realistic threat was a paramount predictor for Muslims. In-group status was as a significant predictor for low-status minority group only. The results are discussed with reference to their potential implications for future research and interventions aimed at improving intergroup relations. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.