Evaluation of Differences in the Aroma Composition of Free-Run and Pressed Neutral Grape Juices Obtained from Emir (Vitis vinifera L.)

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Abstract

In this study, the differences in the aroma compounds released after the free-run and pressed juices of cv. Emir grape (Vitis vinifera L.) were evaluated. Aroma compounds were obtained by liquid-liquid extraction with CH2Cl2, and then analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). According to the results, pressing uniformly increased the levels of the aromatic constituents, but this treatment lowered the grape juice quality for winemaking by increasing the total phenolic compounds, browning index, and C6-alcohol levels (green-herbaceaous odor) as compared to the free-run juice. From all the aroma compounds identified in both juices, hexan-1-ol, (E)-hex-2-en-1-ol, isobutanol, isoamyl alcohol, and 2-phenylethanol were the most abundant volatile compounds.

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