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Keywords:

  • obstructive jaundice;
  • oxidative stress;
  • light;
  • melatonin

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the effect of melatonin on cholestatic oxidative stress under constant light exposure. Cholestasis was induced by double ligature and section of the extra-hepatic bile duct. Melatonin was injected i.p.(1000 μg kg−1 day−1). Malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione, catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase, peroxidase and transferase were determined in liver. After bile-duct obstruction and under constant light exposure, an increase in malondialdehyde (p < 0.05) and a slight decrease in reduced glutathione were seen. Enzyme activity, with the exception of glutathione reductase, had significantly diminished. After melatonin administration, malondialdehyde fell (p < 0.001), whereas there was an increase in reduced glutathione (p < 0.0001) compared with untreated controls. Constant light exposure was associated with an increase in hepatic oxidative stress. Treatment with melatonin decreased lipid peroxide synthesis, and permitted a recovery of both reduced glutathione and scavenger enzyme activity. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.