These authors contributed equally to this workwork.
Development of a Novel Chemical Probe for the Selective Enrichment of Phosphorylated Serine- and Threonine-Containing Peptides
Article first published online: 27 OCT 2005
Copyright © 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Volume 6, Issue 12, pages 2271–2280, December 2, 2005
How to Cite
van der Veken, P., Dirksen, E. H. C., Ruijter, E., Elgersma, R. C., Heck, A. J. R., Rijkers, D. T. S., Slijper, M. and Liskamp, R. M. J. (2005), Development of a Novel Chemical Probe for the Selective Enrichment of Phosphorylated Serine- and Threonine-Containing Peptides. ChemBioChem, 6: 2271–2280. doi: 10.1002/cbic.200500209
- Issue published online: 30 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 27 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Received: 19 MAY 2005
- chemical proteomics;
- Michael addition;
- molecular probes;
Gaining insight into phosphoproteomes is of the utmost importance for understanding regulation processes such as signal transduction and cellular differentiation. While the identification of phosphotyrosine-containing amino acid sequences in peptides and proteins is now becoming possible, mainly because of the availability of high-affinity antibodies, no general and robust methodology allowing the selective enrichment and analysis of serine- and threonine-phosphorylated proteins and peptides is presently available. The method presented here involves chemical modification of phosphorylated serine or threonine residues and their subsequent derivatization with the aid of a multifunctional probe molecule. The designed probe contains four parts: a reactive group that is used to bind specifically to the modified phosphopeptide, an optional part in which heavy isotopes can be incorporated, an acid-labile linker, and an affinity tag for the selective enrichment of modified phosphopeptides from complex mixtures. The acid-cleavable linker allows full recovery from the affinity-purified material and removal of the affinity tag prior to MS analysis. The preparation of a representative probe molecule containing a biotin affinity tag and its applicability in phosphoproteome analysis is shown in a number of well-defined model systems of increasing degrees of complexity. Amounts of phosphopeptide as low as 1 nmol can be modified and enriched from a mixture of peptides. During the development of the β-elimination/nucleophilic addition protocol, special attention was paid to the different experimental parameters that might affect the chemical-modification steps carried out on phosphorylated residues.