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Keywords:

  • biosynthesis;
  • crystal structure;
  • enzyme–ligand interactions;
  • prenyl transferases;
  • TIM barrel
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Well structured: As a new triose phosphate isomerase (TIM) barrel-fold prenyl transferase, PcrB catalyzes the production of heptaprenylglyceryl phosphate from heptaprenyl diphosphate and glycerol-1-phosphate. Crystal structures of PcrB from Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus in complex with ligands were solved, and together with site-directed mutagenesis and bioinformatics analyses, clearly reveal the catalytic mechanism of the enzyme.