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A Synthetic Oligonucleotide Model for Evaluating the Oxidation and Crosslinking Propensities of Natural Furan-Modified DNA

Authors

  • Lieselot L. G. Carrette,

    Corresponding author
    1. Organic and Biomimetic Chemistry Research Group, Department of Organic Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S4, 9000 Gent (Belgium)
    • Organic and Biomimetic Chemistry Research Group, Department of Organic Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S4, 9000 Gent (Belgium)===

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  • Prof. Annemieke Madder

    Corresponding author
    1. Organic and Biomimetic Chemistry Research Group, Department of Organic Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S4, 9000 Gent (Belgium)
    • Organic and Biomimetic Chemistry Research Group, Department of Organic Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S4, 9000 Gent (Belgium)===

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Abstract

We have previously developed a crosslinking methodology for oligonucleotides based on the incorporation of furan moieties, which can be selectively oxidised to reactive intermediates that will quickly react with the opposite bases in DNA, forming toxic interstrand crosslinks (ICLs). Furan moieties also occur in natural DNA, as a result of oxidative stress. Moreover, the furan-containing degradation product of this modified DNA—kinetin—has been found to display beneficial anti-ageing effects. To investigate the apparent discrepancy between the effects of the synthetic and the natural furan modifications in DNA, a quick and easy postsynthetic method providing access to the natural modification in short synthetic oligonucleotides was developed. On checking for potential crosslinking propensity, we found that the furan moiety does indeed undergo oxidation, in this way functioning as an important scavenger for oxidative stress. The reactive intermediate, however, was shown to degrade without producing toxic crosslinked products.

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