We have investigated the expression of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) transcripts in androgen-dependent (LNCaP) and androgen-independent (22Rv1) prostate cancer cell lines. We also enquired whether Q640X CTE-truncated androgen receptor (AR) has an impact on transcription of mRNA for PSMA and PSA in transfected androgen-sensitive prostate cancer LNCaP cells. Wild type LNCaP, 22Rv1 prostate cancer cells, prostate stromal cells (PrSC) and LNCaP cells transfected with p-Q640X AR, p-WT AR or p-C3 empty plasmids were studied. The expression of PSMA and PSA were detected by real-time PCR after transfection for 4 and 7 days. Expression of mRNAs for PSA was sixfold greater than PSMA in wild type LNCaP cells. In contrast, the wild type androgen refractory 22Rv1 cell line reacted almost exactly the opposite way reverse to LNCaP cells, since the transcription of mRNA for PSMA almost twofold greater than PSA. Non-transfected human PrSC responded similarly to PSMA mRNA and PSA mRNA was not detected in these cells. Q640X AR transfected LNCaP cells downregulated the expression of PSMA and PSA genes after 7 days. Our results demonstrate that Q640X mutated AR may have an important regulatory role in mediating the PSMA and PSA genes expression during the progression of prostate cancer from androgen-dependence to androgen-independence. Understanding their functional properties and mechanisms by which ARs involved in regulation of PSMA and PSA expression will allow the identification of new target therapies for the treatment of hormone-resistant prostate cancer.