Effect of monochromatic visible light on intracellular superoxide anion production and mitochondrial membrane potential of B16F1 and B16F10 murine melanoma cells

Authors

  • Kazuomi Sato,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Life Science, College of Agriculture, Tamagawa University, 6-1-1 Tamagawa Gakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8610, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yuji Minai,

    1. Department of Life Science, College of Agriculture, Tamagawa University, 6-1-1 Tamagawa Gakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8610, Japan
    2. Biosystems and Biofunctions Research Center, Tamagawa University Research Institute, 6-1-1 Tamagawa Gakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8610, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Hiroyuki Watanabe

    1. Department of Life Science, College of Agriculture, Tamagawa University, 6-1-1 Tamagawa Gakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8610, Japan
    2. Biosystems and Biofunctions Research Center, Tamagawa University Research Institute, 6-1-1 Tamagawa Gakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8610, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author

Corresponding author: e-mail: kzsato@agr.tamagawa.ac.jp

Abstract

We have investigated the effect of visible light on animal cells using light-emitting diodes to emit monochromatic visible light (red, yellow, green and blue light). To explore the relevant mechanism of apoptosis, we assessed the intracellular superoxide anion production and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) of B16F1 and B16F10 murine melanoma cells after monochromatic light irradiation. Blue light caused ΔΨm depolarization subsequent to elevation of intracellular superoxide production. However, red and yellow light had no affect on both cell lines. Green light induced ΔΨm collapse only in B16F1 melanoma cells. ΔΨm is a key indicator of mitochondrial function, therefore its disruption causes mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. Thus, blue light causes mitochondrial dysfunction and subsequent cell death.

Ancillary