• apoptosis;
  • cardiomyocyte;
  • cell proliferation;
  • Crk-SH3 domain guanine nucleotide exchange factor (C3G);
  • H9C2;
  • phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (p-ERK1/2)


Integrin β1 subunit and its downstream molecules, such as integrin-linked kinase and focal adhesion kinase, are imperative for promotion of cell proliferation, survival and anti-apoptosis in cardiomyocytes by activation of their downstream pro-survival signalling molecules, such as the phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (p-ERK1/2). As a component of the integrin pathway, C3G (Crk-SH3 domain guanine nucleotide exchange factor) protein may be involved in the promotion of cell proliferation and survival and anti-apoptosis in the H9C2 cardiomyocytes. Rat-derived H9C2 cardiomyocytes were transfected with pCXN2-flag-hC3G, a human C3G overexpression eukaryotic recombinant plasmid. Apoptosis, cell proliferation and survival were analysed in the H9C2 cardiomyocytes either treated with hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). Human C3G mRNA overexpression significantly elevated C3G protein expression in H9C2 cardiomyocytes whether treated with H/R or not. C3G overexpression promoted proliferation and survival and anti-apoptosis, and attenuated the proliferative and survival inhibition, and apoptosis induced by H/R by activation of its downstream pro-survival signalling molecule, p-ERK1/2. The results suggest that C3G acts as a pro-survival molecule in H9C2 cardiomyocytes by activation of p-ERK1/2.