Get access

Estrogen-related receptor alpha interacts cooperatively with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha to regulate osteocalcin gene expression

Authors


Corresponding author: e-mail: jjwang@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

Osteocalcin is one of the most abundant non-collagenous proteins in bone that is commonly used as a preliminary biomarker in bone formation. Osteocalcin also regulates energy metabolism as a hormone. Estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRα) is primarily thought to regulate energy homeostasis through interacting with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α). Intriguingly, ERRα may play a functional role in bone formation. We have found there are 3 ERRα response elements (ERR response element, ERRE) in the osteocalcin promoter, and ERRα interacted cooperatively with PGC-1α could improve the osteocalcin promoter activity, whereas ERRα specific antagonist, XCT-790, inhibits this enhancement. XCT-790 inhibits osteocalcin and ERRα target gene PDKs expression in osteoblast cells. Thus ERRs might have physiological roles in bone formation and energy metabolism through modulating osteocalcin gene expression.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary