• adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells;
  • bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells;
  • cardiomyogenic differentiation;
  • equiaxial cyclic strain;
  • real-time PCR


Myocardium is prone to mechanical stimuli among which pulsatile blood flow exerts both radial and longitudinal strains on the heart. Recent studies have shown that mechanical stimulation can notably influence regeneration of cardiac muscle cells. GATA4 is a cardiac-specific transcription factor that plays an important role in late embryonic heart development. Our study aimed at investigating the effect of equiaxial cyclic strain on GATA4 expression in adipose-derived (ASCs) and bone marrow-derived (BMSCs) mesenchymal stem cells. For this reason, both ASCs and BMSCs were studied in four distinct groups of chemical, mechanical, mechano-chemical and negative control. According to this categorisation, the cells were exposed to cyclic mechanical loading and/or 5-azacytidine as the chemical factor. The level of GATA4 expression was then quantified using real-time PCR method on the first, fourth and seventh days. The results show that: (1) equiaxial cyclic stimulation of mesenchymal stem cells could promote GATA4 expression from the early days of induction and as it went on, its combination with chemical factor elevated expression; (2) cyclic strain could accelerate GATA4 expression compared to the chemical factor; (3) in this regard, these results indicate a higher capacity of ASCs than BMSCs to express GATA4.