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Deformation of nuclei and abnormal spindles assembly in the second male meiosis of polyploid tobacco plants



The bipolar spindle is a major cytoskeletal structure, which ensures an equal chromosome distribution between the daughter nuclei. The spindle formation in animal cells depends on centrosomes activity. In flowering plant cells the centrosomes have not been identified as definite structures. The absence of these structures suggests that plants assemble their spindle via novel mechanisms. Nonetheless, the cellular and molecular mechanisms controlling the cytoskeleton remodeling during the spindle development in plants are still insufficiently clear. This article describes the results of a comparative analysis of the microtubular cytoskeleton dynamics during assembly of the second division spindle in tobacco microsporocytes with the normal and deformed nuclei. According to our observations, the bipolar spindle fibres are formed from short arrays of the disintegrated perinuclear cytoskeleton system, the perinuclear microtubular band. The microsporocytes of polyploid tobacco plants with deformed nuclei entirely lack this cytoskeleton structure. In such type of cells the overall prometaphase events are blocked, and the assembly of second division spindles is completely arrested.