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Retinoic acid induces mouse bone marrow-derived CD15+, Oct4+ and CXCR4+ stem cells into male germ-like cells in a two-dimensional cell culture system

Authors

  • Iraj Ragerdi Kashani,

    1. Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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  • Amir Hassan Zarnani,

    1. Nanobiotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
    2. Immunology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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  • Masoud Soleimani,

    1. Department of Hematology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
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  • Mir Abbas Abdolvahabi,

    1. Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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  • Karim Nayernia,

    1. GENEOCELL, Institute of Advanced Bimolecular and Cellular, Montreal, Canada
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  • Reza Shirazi

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    2. Nanobiotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
    3. Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
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Abstract

We have examined the effect of retinoic acid (RA) on differentiation of bone marrow-derived CD15+, Oct4+ and CXCR4+ cells into male germ cells. Bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) were isolated from the femur of 3–4-week-old male C57BL/6 mice. Magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) system was used to sort CD15+, Oct4+ and CXCR4+ cells. RT-PCR was used to follow the expression of pluripotency markers. Sorted CD15+, Oct4+ and CXCR4+ cells were cultured in an undifferentiated condition on a feeder layer of mitomycin C-inactivated C2C12. The embryoid-like bodies were differentiated into male germ cells by retinoic acid. To identify the expression of male germ specific markers, differentiated cells were analysed by means of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescence staining. RT-PCR and immunofluorescence show that bone marrow-derived CD15+, Oct4+ and CXCR4+ cells express pluripotency markers, Oct4, Nanog, Rex-1, SOX-2 and AP. The purified CD15+, Oct4+ and CXCR4+ formed structures like embryoid bodies when plated over a feeder layer; these bodies were alkaline phosphatase positive. When cells were induced by RA, bone marrow-derived CD15+, Oct4+ and CXCR4+ were positive for Mvh, Dazl, Piwil2, Dppa3 and Stra8, that known molecular markers of male germ cells. Thus RA can induce differentiation of mouse bone marrow-derived CD15+, Oct4+ and CXCR4+ cells into male germ cells in vitro. Negative results for the gene expression analysis of female germ cells markers, GDF9 and ZP3, confirmed this conclusion.

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