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Bullying at elementary school and problem behaviour in young adulthood: A study of bullying, violence and substance use from age 11 to age 21

Authors

  • Min Jung Kim,

    Corresponding author
    1. Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    • Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 3rd Avenue NE Suite 401, Seattle WA, 98115, USA. Tel.: (206) 221–2969; Fax: (206) 543-4507
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  • Richard F. Catalano,

    1. Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
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    • Richard F. Catalano is on the board of the Channing Bete Company, distributor of Guiding Good Choices ® and Supporting School Success ®. These programmes were tested in the intervention described in this paper.

  • Kevin P. Haggerty,

    1. Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
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  • Robert D. Abbott

    1. Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
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Abstract

Aim The main aim of this paper is to investigate to what extent self-reported bullying at Grade 5 predicts later violence, heavy drinking and marijuana use at age 21.

Method Univariate and multivariate associations between bullying and later outcomes were examined based on a longitudinal community sample of 957 young people from the Raising Healthy Children project.

Results Childhood bullying was significantly associated with violence, heavy drinking and marijuana use at age 21. These associations held up after controlling for prior risk factors.

Conclusions Childhood bullying had unique associations with risk of later violence and substance use among young adults. Early intervention to prevent childhood bullying may also reduce other adverse outcomes later in life. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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