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A case of successful angioplasty by the “double retrograde” approach for chronic total occlusion in the left circumflex artery


  • Conflict of interest: Nothing to report.


Currently introduced retrograde approach may increase the success rate of percutaneous coronary interventions on chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion. This article describes a case of CTO in the left circumflex artery (LCX), which did not allow the regular retrograde approach to deliver a guide wire. At first, a guide wire was attempted to advance from the apical collateral channel, which supplied the distal LCX. However, wiring was extremely difficult because the collateral channel was headed reversely against the direction that the wire was going. Different angle angiogram revealed the existence of another collateral artery, which supplied the distal RCA (posterior descending branch). A guide wire was successfully advanced from the distal RCA, through apical collateral channel, and reached the distal LCX. After the wire was retrieved from the guiding catheter engaged in the left main trunk, antegrade access for balloon and stent delivery was obtained. This method, a sort of “double retrograde” approach, would be worthy to consider when recanalization is failed by other approaches. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.