Long-term luminal change after drug-eluting stent implantation: Serial angiographic follow-up study of the ZEST randomized trial

Authors


  • Conflict of interest: Nothing to report.

Correspondence to: Seung-Jung Park, MD, PhD, FACC, Department of Cardiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Heart Institute, Asan Medical Center, 86 Asanbyeongwon-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea. E-mail: sjpark@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate long-term patterns of luminal changes after implantation of different types of drug-eluting stents (DES), we analyzed the serial angiographic outcomes of patients implanted with zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES), sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), or paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES).

Background

Little is known regarding long-term luminal changes after DES implantation.

Methods

As a subgroup analysis of the ZEST trial, we performed complete angiographic evaluation immediately after the procedure and at 9 months and 2 years in 111 patients with 165 lesions (36 patients with ZES, 40 with SES, and 35 with PES).

Results

Baseline clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics were similar among the three groups. Quantitative angiographic analysis revealed significant decreases in minimal luminal diameter 9 months after stent implantation in the ZES (from 2.71 ± 0.49 to 2.21 ± 0.42 mm, P < 0.001), SES (from 2.79 ± 0.49 to 2.58 ± 0.57 mm, P < 0.001), and PES (from 2.66 ± 0.45 to 2.19 ± 0.52 mm, P < 0.001) groups. However, significant late improvements with different degree in luminal diameter were observed between 9 months and 2 years in the ZES (from 2.21 ± 0.42 to 2.39 ± 0.58 mm, P = 0.001), SES (from 2.58 ± 0.57 to 2.66 ± 0.60 mm, P = 0.039), and PES (from 2.19 ± 0.52 to 2.43 ± 0.52 mm, P < 0.001) groups.

Conclusion

Serial angiographic follow-up study revealed a biphasic luminal response after DES implantation, characterized by an early progression phase for the first 9 months and a late regression phase from 9 months to 2 years. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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