Transventricular balloon dilation and stenting of the RVOT in small infants with tetralogy of fallot with pulmonary atresia

Authors


  • Conflict of interest: Nothing to report.

Abstract

Introduction

The management of small infants with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia (PA) and hypoplastic pulmonary arteries can be very challenging.

Methods

In three small infants (weight range 2,200–3,600 g, pulmonary trunk 2.0–3.2 mm), initial palliation consisted of sternotomy, transventricular puncture of the right ventricular outflow tract and atretic pulmonary valve, followed by balloon dilation (n = 1) or stent deployment (n = 2) from the right ventricle into the pulmonary trunk (stent diameter 5–6 mm, length 16 mm).

Results

The procedure resulted in adequate palliation with good anterograde flow to the pulmonary arteries and near normal saturations in all three patients (>92%); there was no associated morbidity. Additional transvenous stenting was required in all patients because of progressive muscular infundibular stenosis after a median of 3 months. Two patients evolved to full repair at the age of 5 months and one patient with multiple hilar stenoses requires additional percutaneous procedures through the stented RV outflow tract.

Conclusion

Transventricular balloon dilation and stenting of the RVOT through medial sternotomy as initial palliation strategy appears a safe and well tolerated alternative treatment in small infants with TOF with PA and a hypoplastic pulmonary trunk. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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