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Keywords:

  • total occlusions;
  • coronary artery disease;
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

Background

This study sought to investigate whether there is a differential prognostic effect of successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) according to the target vessel the CTO is located in.

Methods

Between 1998 and 2007, a total of 1,791 patients underwent PCI of a CTO at three tertiary care centers in the US, Italy, and South Korea. Patients with CTOs in multiple target vessels or the left main stem were excluded (n = 57). Of the remaining 1,734 patients, 609 had a CTO in the left anterior descending (LAD, 35.1%), 391 in the left circumflex (LCX, 22.5%), and 734 in the right coronary artery (RCA, 42.3%). Five-year mortality and the need for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were compared between patients with successful vs. unsuccessful PCI stratified by target vessel.

Results

Procedural success was obtained in 71.1% of LAD patients, 69.1% of LCX patients, and 65.1% of RCA patients (P = 0.06). The mean follow-up duration was 1,178 days. Kaplan–Meier estimates of long-term mortality were 6.7% vs. 11.0% (P = 0.03), 5.5% vs. 13.9% (P < 0.01), and 6.6% vs. 4.1% (P = 0.80) in successful vs. unsuccessful LAD, LCX, and RCA patients, respectively. After multivariate analysis, successful CTO PCI remained associated with lower mortality in the LAD (HR 0.41, P = 0.02) and LCX groups (HR 0.32, P < 0.01). The need for CABG was lower after successful CTO PCI in all three groups (LAD 4.6% vs. 16.0%, P < 0.01; LCX 2.9% vs. 18.2%, P < 0.01, RCA 2.3% vs. 8.4%, P < 0.01).

Conclusion

The results from this large contemporary cohort of patients suggest that successful PCI of a CTO in the LAD and the LCX, but not the RCA, is associated with improved long-term survival. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.