Conflict of interest: Nothing to report.
E-ONLY: Coronary Artery Disease
Association of baseline C-reactive protein levels with periprocedural myocardial injury in patients undergoing percutaneous bifurcation intervention: A CACTUS study subanalysis
Version of Record online: 5 AUG 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume 83, Issue 1, pages E37–E44, 1 January 2014
How to Cite
Niccoli, G., Sgueglia, G. A., Latib, A., Crea, F., Colombo, A. and on behalf of the CACTUS Study Group (2014), Association of baseline C-reactive protein levels with periprocedural myocardial injury in patients undergoing percutaneous bifurcation intervention: A CACTUS study subanalysis. Cathet. Cardiovasc. Intervent., 83: E37–E44. doi: 10.1002/ccd.25102
- Issue online: 18 DEC 2013
- Version of Record online: 5 AUG 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 29 JUN 2013 02:02AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 4 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 30 NOV 2012
- drug-eluting stents;
- C-reactive protein;
- periprocedural myocardial injury
To assess the predictive value of C-reactive protein (CRP) on periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI), evaluated by creatine kinase-myocardial band isoform (CK-MB) elevation in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions is actually unknown.
Systemic inflammation as assessed by CRP has been associated with averse events after DES implantation. After PCI, the occurrence of PMI is common and has also been associated with worse outcomes. Finally, bifurcations are frequently encountered anatomically complex lesions which the treatment is associated with higher complication rate compared with simple lesions.
A total of 96 patients (66 ± 10 years, 70 men) from the Coronary bifurcations: Application of the Crushing Technique Using Sirolimus-eluting stents (CACTUS) trial who had baseline CRP dosage and both baseline and postprocedural CK-MB measurement were included.
A complex bifurcation strategy was implemented in 53 (55%) patients, and angiographic success was achieved in all but two (2%) patients. Periprocedural myocardial necrosis (increase of CK-MB between one and three times the upper limit of normal [ULN]) was observed in 12 (13%) patients, and four (4%) patients had PCI-related myocardial infarction (increase of CK-MB more than three times ULN). Notably, progressively higher CRP levels were observed in patients with different increase in CK-MB (P = 0.041). Moreover, CRP >1 mg/L significantly predicted CK-MB rise (odds ratio 5.6, 95% confidence interval 1.5–4.3, P = 0.011).
In the setting of true coronary bifurcations treated by DES, baseline CRP levels were significantly associated with both the incidence and the extent of PMI. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.