Magnetic Nanocomposites: A New Perspective in Catalysis



In recent years, the synthesis and applications of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have attracted increasing interest in catalysis research, and MNP-derived catalysts have been employed in such industrially important reactions as hydrogenation, hydroformylation, Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck couplings, and olefin metathesis. The hybrid nanocomposite species display sustainable catalytic activities and great advantages concerning catalyst recycling processes. A number of examples using these innovative hybrids in catalysis have been reported with promising results. This Minireview primarily addresses recent catalytic applications of magnetic nanocomposites, including a discussion of the synthetic methodologies that are commonly used.