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Overview and Industrial Assessment of Synthesis Strategies towards Zeolites with Mesopores

Authors

  • Robin Chal,

    1. Institut Charles Gerhardt, UMR 5253 CNRS, UM2, ENSCM, UM1, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie, 8 rue de l'Ecole Normale, 34296 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France)
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  • Dr. Corine Gérardin,

    1. Institut Charles Gerhardt, UMR 5253 CNRS, UM2, ENSCM, UM1, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie, 8 rue de l'Ecole Normale, 34296 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France)
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  • Dr. Metin Bulut,

    1. Total Research Center Feluy, Zone Industrielle C, 7181 Feluy (Belgium), Fax: (+32) 64-540286
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  • Dr. Sander van Donk

    Corresponding author
    1. Total Research Center Feluy, Zone Industrielle C, 7181 Feluy (Belgium), Fax: (+32) 64-540286
    • Total Research Center Feluy, Zone Industrielle C, 7181 Feluy (Belgium), Fax: (+32) 64-540286
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Abstract

With the necessity for the refining industry to treat heavier feedstocks, there is a clear demand for improved zeolite materials displaying better accessible surface areas and higher pore volumes in order to capitalize on their effectiveness. To this end, over the last decade, there has been an intensification of research on the exploration of new routes to synthesize zeolite materials combining micropores with mesopores. Different synthesis strategies are used for their preparation (i.e., by structure breaking or so-called ‘destructive’ pathways, or structure building or so-called ‘constructive’ synthesis pathways). This Review discusses the variety of current synthesis strategies, while emphasizing the strengths and weaknesses of the different routes regarding material characteristics; health, safety, and environment aspects; and synthesis costs.

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