Application of Hierarchical Porous Silica with a Stable Large Porosity for β-Galactosidase Immobilization

Authors

  • Claudia Bernal,

    1. Grupo Ciencia de los Materiales, Instituto de Química, Universidad de Antioquia. Cra 53 N.o61-30, SIU, laboratory 301, Medellin (Colombia), AA 1226, Fax: (+574) 2191040
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  • Prof. Ligia Sierra,

    1. Grupo Ciencia de los Materiales, Instituto de Química, Universidad de Antioquia. Cra 53 N.o61-30, SIU, laboratory 301, Medellin (Colombia), AA 1226, Fax: (+574) 2191040
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  • Prof. Monica Mesa

    Corresponding author
    1. Grupo Ciencia de los Materiales, Instituto de Química, Universidad de Antioquia. Cra 53 N.o61-30, SIU, laboratory 301, Medellin (Colombia), AA 1226, Fax: (+574) 2191040
    • Grupo Ciencia de los Materiales, Instituto de Química, Universidad de Antioquia. Cra 53 N.o61-30, SIU, laboratory 301, Medellin (Colombia), AA 1226, Fax: (+574) 2191040
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Hierarchical porous silica, particles or monoliths, were synthesized by polycondensation of sodium silicate in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and ethyl acetate at different concentrations under hydrothermal conditions. They were used as the support for the immobilization of β-galactosidase from Kluyveromyces lactis by adsorption. The enzyme loading capacity (higher than 50 mg g−1 support) and the retention ability (lixiviation less than 20 % after 72 h of catalysis) of these supports were explained as a function of the hierarchical porosity, mesopore sizes of 10–40 nm, and macropore sizes of 0.07–20 μm and the presence of ionized silanol groups on the surface. The optimum pH value and temperature for the maximum activity of the obtained hybrid biocatalyst were evaluated, indicating that the three-dimensional structure of the lactase was not significantly affected during the immobilization process. The stability under extreme conditions was improved in comparison with soluble lactase. The porous supports exhibited morphological and porous stability under the immobilization and catalytic processes. These results show that the obtained materials are good candidates for the immobilization of large enzymes, such as β-galactosidase.

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