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Keywords:

  • heterogeneous catalysis;
  • hybrid material;
  • hydrogenation;
  • carbenes;
  • rhodium

Abstract

The synthesis and an exemplary catalytic application of a SBA-15-supported rhodium–N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) complex is reported. In contrast to the conventional method of immobilization of unsaturated NHC complexes, the rhodium–NHC compound described here is connected to the SBA-15 surface by a linker originating from the backbone of the unsaturated NHC ligand. The unique characteristics of the new immobilization mode enable the supported NHC complexes to maintain two unchanged “wing-tip” ligands. This method of immobilization of unsaturated NHC complexes provides a new way to maintain the original configuration of homogeneous NHC complexes in the heterogenized catalytic system. The immobilized rhodium–NHC catalyst is used in a hydrogenation reaction with styrene as substrate.