Palladium-Catalyzed Highly Regioselective Mizoroki–Heck Arylation of Allylamines with Aryl Chlorides



Palladium catalyst systems for the regioselective Mizoroki–Heck arylation of N,N-diprotected and N-protected allylamines with aryl chlorides have been developed. Pd(OAc)2 in combination with appropriate additives could efficiently catalyze the linear arylation of N,N-diprotected allylamines with aryl chlorides in toluene to give exclusively the γ-arylated products in good to excellent yields and with excellent regio- and stereocontrol and good functional group tolerance. With use of a catalytic mixture of Pd(OAc)2 and 1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene, the arylation of N-protected allylamines with aryl chlorides could be accomplished in ethylene glycol/DMSO, which afforded complete β-regioselectivity with good functional group tolerance. The steric and electronic properties of allylamine substrates are found to be critical to the catalytic activity and regiocontrol in both linear and internal arylations.