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How to Modulate Catalytic Properties in Nanosystems: The Case of Iron–Ruthenium Nanoparticles

Authors

  • Dr. Vinciane Kelsen,

    1. LPCNO–INSA, Université de Toulouse, 135 avenue de Rangueil 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France), Fax: (+33) 05-62-17-28-16
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  • Dr. Anca Meffre,

    1. LPCNO–INSA, Université de Toulouse, 135 avenue de Rangueil 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France), Fax: (+33) 05-62-17-28-16
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  • Dr. Pier-Francesco Fazzini,

    1. LPCNO–INSA, Université de Toulouse, 135 avenue de Rangueil 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France), Fax: (+33) 05-62-17-28-16
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  • Dr. Pierre Lecante,

    1. Centre d'Elaboration des Matériaux et d'Etudes Structurales, 29 rue Jeanne Marvig, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France)
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  • Dr. Bruno Chaudret

    Corresponding author
    1. LPCNO–INSA, Université de Toulouse, 135 avenue de Rangueil 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France), Fax: (+33) 05-62-17-28-16
    • LPCNO–INSA, Université de Toulouse, 135 avenue de Rangueil 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France), Fax: (+33) 05-62-17-28-16===

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Abstract

Ultrasmall FeRu bimetallic nanoparticles were prepared by co-decomposition of two organometallic precursors, {Fe[N(Si(CH3)3)2]2}2 and (η4-1,5-cyclooctadiene)(η6-1,3,5-cyclooctatriene)ruthenium(0) (Ru(COD)(COT)), under dihydrogen at 150 °C in mesitylene. A series of FeRu nanoparticles of sizes of approximately 1.8 nm and incorporating different ratios of iron to ruthenium were synthesized by varying the quantity of the ruthenium complex introduced (Fe/Ru=1:1, 1:0.5, 1:0.2, and 1:0.1). FeRu nanoparticles were characterized by TEM, high-resolution TEM, and wide-angle X-ray scattering analyses. Their surface was studied by hydride titration and IR spectroscopy after CO adsorption and their magnetic properties were analyzed by using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The FeRu nanoparticles were used as catalysts in the hydrogenation of styrene and 2-butanone. The results indicate that the selectivity of the nanoparticle catalysts can be modulated according to their composition and therefore represent a case study on fine-tuning the reactivity of nanocatalysts and adjusting their selectivity in a given reaction.

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