How Green is Biocatalysis? To Calculate is To Know

Authors

  • Dr. Yan Ni,

    1. Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, Delft (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 15278-1415
    2. State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 200237 Shanghai (China)
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  • Dr. Dirk Holtmann,

    1. DECHEMA Research Institute, Biochemical Engineering Group, Theodor-Heuss-Allee 25, 60486 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
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  • Dr. Frank Hollmann

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, Delft (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 15278-1415
    • Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, Delft (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 15278-1415

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Abstract

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It's not easy being green: Biocatalysis is generally recognized as an environmentally benign technology. This green claim, however, is seldom substantiated. The use of simple mass-based metrics such as the E factor may represent an appropriate compromise between significance and effort.

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