Cascade of Liquid-Phase Catalytic Transfer Hydrogenation and Etherification of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to Potential Biodiesel Components over Lewis Acid Zeolites

Authors

  • Dr. Jungho Jae,

    1. Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (USA), Fax: (+1) 302-831-1048 http://www.efrc.udel.edu/
    2. Current Address: Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791 (Republic of Korea)
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  • Eyas Mahmoud,

    1. Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (USA), Fax: (+1) 302-831-1048 http://www.efrc.udel.edu/
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  • Prof. Raul F. Lobo,

    Corresponding author
    1. Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (USA), Fax: (+1) 302-831-1048 http://www.efrc.udel.edu/
    • Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (USA), Fax: (+1) 302-831-1048 http://www.efrc.udel.edu/

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  • Prof. Dionisios G. Vlachos

    Corresponding author
    1. Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (USA), Fax: (+1) 302-831-1048 http://www.efrc.udel.edu/
    • Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (USA), Fax: (+1) 302-831-1048 http://www.efrc.udel.edu/

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Abstract

We report a one-step process for the production of diesel fuel from biomass-derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). The reaction proceeds through the sequential transfer hydrogenation and etherification of HMF to 2,5-bis(alkoxymethyl)furan, a potential biodiesel additive, catalyzed by a Lewis acid zeolite, such as Sn-Beta or Zr-Beta. An alcohol is used as a hydrogen donor and as a reactant in etherification. This cascade reaction can selectively produce high yields of the biodiesel additive (>80 % yield) from HMF with the Sn-Beta catalyst and secondary alcohols, such as 2-propanol and 2-butanol.

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