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Platinum–Rhenium Synergy on Reducible Oxide Supports in Aqueous-Phase Glycerol Reforming

Authors

  • Dr. Aysegul Ciftci,

    1. Schuit Institute of Catalysis, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 40-2455054
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  • Seda Eren,

    1. Schuit Institute of Catalysis, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 40-2455054
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  • Dr. D. A. J. Michel Ligthart,

    1. Schuit Institute of Catalysis, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 40-2455054
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  • Prof. Emiel J. M. Hensen

    Corresponding author
    1. Schuit Institute of Catalysis, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 40-2455054
    • Schuit Institute of Catalysis, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 40-2455054===

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Abstract

A significant support effect was observed for the aqueous-phase reforming (APR) of glycerol over a series of Pt- and PtRe-loaded ceria-, ceria–zirconia-, zirconia-, and titania-supported catalysts. Glycerol conversion rates decreased in the order Pt/TiO2>Pt/ZrO2>Pt/CeZrO2>Pt/CeO2. Upon addition of Re, APR activities of all the Pt catalysts increased. Re promotion for glycerol APR was strongest for PtRe/CeO2. Pt/CeO2 was least active because of the incomplete reduction of Pt. Pt was more easily reduced in PtRe/CeO2 because of the strong Pt–Re interaction. On comparison with previous data on Pt/C and PtRe/C, the oxide-supported catalysts were more active in the WGS reaction, with the titania-supported catalyst as the most active, which was a result of the activation of water on the titania support. The acidity of these groups also resulted in increased C[BOND]O cleavage rates of Pt/TiO2 relative to the rates of Pt/C in APR. A more detailed comparison of Pt(Re)/C and Pt(Re)/TiO2 is made. Monitoring acetaldehyde decomposition to determine the rate of C[BOND]C bond cleavage evidenced a strong promoting effect of Re on the supported Pt catalysts. All catalysts produced carbon monoxide, methane, and ethanol during acetaldehyde decomposition; notably, Pt(Re)/TiO2 also formed products such as ethylene, ethane, propylene, and propane, indicative of a mechanism also involving ethanol dehydration and olefin coupling to CHx surface intermediates derived from acetaldehyde. The activity in overall glycerol conversion in APR decreased in the order PtRe/C>PtRe/TiO2>Pt/TiO2>Pt/C.

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