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Keywords:

  • ammonia;
  • membrane reactors;
  • membranes;
  • oxidation;
  • oxygen activation

Abstract

Upon using a reactant/oxygen mixture as co-feed in partial oxidation, adsorbed surface molecular oxygen species can cause low selectivity. We propose a concept different from the conventional co-feed partial oxidation process in packed-bed reactors. In this new configuration, the activation of oxygen is separated from the catalytic oxidation by using an oxygen-permeable membrane to suppress the formation of nonselective surface molecular oxygen species. A continuous flux of lattice oxygen through the membrane allows highly selective partial oxidation. In the oxidation of ammonia to NO, the NO selectivity was improved from 77 to 95 % if a La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3–δ oxygen-permeable catalytically active membrane was used at 850 °C instead of a co-feed fixed bed reactor.