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Abstract

The influence of electrolytes, which are dissolved in the aqueous absorbent and do not react with nitrogen oxides, on the absorption kinetics of both these components was investigated experimentally. In addition to demineralized water, various salt solutions of different concentrations as well as sodium hydroxide solution were used as absorbents. The term Hequation image for N2O4 and N2O3, which is important for the design of industrial absorbers, was determined as a function of composition and concentration of the absorbents. In the case of N2O4, the chosen measuring and evaluation methods permitted a separate determination of the rate constant k of the pseudo first order reaction and of the solubility H. The diffusion coefficient D of the gas in the absorbent can be obtained only by calculation. Experimental results showed that equation image decreases with increasing ionic strength I, however, without a clear indication of any ion-specific effects. This decrease does not appear to be caused simply by a reduction in solubility (salting out effect), or in diffusion coefficient, but at least, to the same extent, through a decrease of the rate constant k with increasing electrolyte content in the absorbent. The measurements permitted the determination of the gas-based salting out parameter for N2O4. The investigations on the absorption of N2O3 in water and in an Na2SO4 solution showed no experimentally detectable influence of dissolved salts on equation image. The numerical value of equation image is six times that of equation image.