Contact-free measurements of oxygen concentration in industrial flames by raman scattering



Spatially resolved oxygen concentration measurements were performed in premixed hydrocarbon flames by using laser induced spontaneous Raman scattering. The measurements demonstrate the performance of a relatively simple pulsed laser Raman probe for fundamental combustion studies and also for the control of the equivalence ratio in flames (best spatial resolution: 0.2 mm3; theoretical detection limit: 0.8% of O2). Comparison of the results with those obtained by a mechanical suction probe (Magnos 2 T) confirmed a good agreement. At present, control of different stoichiometric conditions is possible at a minimum O2 concentration of 1.3%.