Investigation of entrainment in tray columns



This paper describes a pilot plant for entrainment measurements on various types of column trays. The data obtained from different trays differ by up to a factor of 10. The measurements were compared with the theoretical model of Stichlmair. The Stichlmair entrainment diagram permits a fairly accurate prediction for most types of trays if the height of the two-phase layer is known. Prediction of the height and relative liquid hold-up in this two-phase system should be modified by a term reflecting the vapour flow profile, which requires further testing. These tests should examine the effect of tray spacing, fractional free area and, in particular, the influence of different media.