Rear surface deposition of fine particles on spheres — eddy deposition or electrostatic effects?



The aim of this investigation is to show the demarcation of two possible mechanisms for surface deposition of fine particles on the rear surface of single spheres. By means of single particle trajectory computation, based on numerically determined flow fields (Remax = 103), it is shown that the mere existence of a wake is not in itself sufficient to produce eddy deposition. In addition, the particle's motion must undergo a lateral transfer promoted by fluid trubulence, in order to effect eddy deposition commencing at a Reynolds number of about 100. On the other hand, rear deposition, influenced by electrostatic forces, especially by the Coulomb force, is possible at any Reynolds number. Consequently, for Reynolds numbers of less than 100, only electrostatic effects can produce rear surface deposition. In the range of high Reynolds numbers, the coexistence of both mechanisms is possible. Very high Reynolds numbers (Re > 103) and low Stokes numbers indicated the predominance of the electrostatic effect over eddy deposition, whereas at very high Reynolds numbers and medium to high Stokes numbers the electrostatic effect is only predominant in presence of high electrostatic charges.