P. R. Pegoraro, M. Marangoni and J. A. W. Gut
Residence time distribution models, based on non-ideal segregated flow, are proposed to represent laminar flow in real systems with diffusion, mechanical vibration, wall roughness, pipe fittings, coils, or corrugated walls. Experimental validation in three tubular systems with different fluids is presented. These models can be useful for the analysis of laminar flow reactors or continuous thermal processing of viscous foods.