Electrochemical Conversion of Dichloroacetic Acid to Chloroacetic Acid in Conventional Cell and in Two Microfluidic Reactors

Authors

  • Prof. Dr. Onofrio Scialdone,

    Corresponding author
    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo (Italy)
    • Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo (Italy)===

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  • Prof. Dr. Alessandro Galia,

    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo (Italy)
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  • Dr. Simona Sabatino,

    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo (Italy)
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  • Giovanni Marco Vaiana,

    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo (Italy)
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  • Dr. Diego Agro,

    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Elettronica e delle telecomunicazioni, di tecnologie chimiche, automatica e modelli matematici (DIEETCAM), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo (Italy)
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  • Prof. Dr. Alessandro Busacca,

    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Elettronica e delle telecomunicazioni, di tecnologie chimiche, automatica e modelli matematici (DIEETCAM), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo (Italy)
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  • Prof. Dr. Christian Amatore

    1. Department de Chimie, UMR 8640 PASTEUR, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond 75231, Paris Cedex 05 (France)
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Abstract

The electrochemical conversion of dichloroacetic acid to chloracetic acid is investigated in conventional cells and in microreactors. Two different microreactors are used: the first is a filter press cell equipped with PTFE micrometric spacers, easy to assemble and disassemble and available for a large variety of electrodes and solvents; the second is made using an adhesive spacer, micromilling and press and could easily be developed on an industrial scale. The electrochemical synthesis is performed successfully in the microreactors equipped with a graphite cathode under proper operative conditions. The performance of the process strongly depends on the nature of the cathode and, for microreactors, on flow rate and current density. Both microreactors give high conversions and selectivity under a single-pass mode and are allowed to work without supporting electrolyte at low cell voltages.

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