Identification and analysis of novel tandem repeats in the cell surface proteins of archaeal and bacterial genomes using computational tools



We have identified four novel repeats and two domains in cell surface proteins encoded by the Methanosarcina acetivorans genome and in some archaeal and bacterial genomes. The repeats correspond to a certain number of amino acid residues present in tandem in a protein sequence and each repeat is characterized by conserved sequence motifs. These correspond to: (a) a 42 amino acid (aa) residue RIVW repeat; (b) a 45 aa residue LGxL repeat; (c) a 42 aa residue LVIVD repeat; and (d) a 54 aa residue LGFP repeat. The domains correspond to a certain number of aa residues in a protein sequence that do not comprise internal repeats. These correspond to: (a) a 200 aa residue DNRLRE domain; and (b) a 70 aa residue PEGA domain. We discuss the occurrence of these repeats and domains in the different proteins and genomes analysed in this work. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.