An alternative skeletal rearrangement of the quadricyclane radical cation (Q.+) explains the side products formed in the one-electron oxidation to norbornadiene. First, the bicyclo[2.2.1]hepta-2-ene-5-yl-7-ylium radical cation, with an activation energy of 14.9 kcal mol−1, is formed. Second, this species can further rearrange to 1,3,5-cycloheptatriene through two plausible paths, that is, a multistep mechanism with two shallow intermediates and a stepwise path in which the bicyclo[3.2.0]hepta-2,6-diene radical cation is an intermediate. The multistep rearrangement has a rate-limiting step with an estimated activation energy of 16.5 kcal mol−1, which is 2.8 kcal mol−1 lower in energy than the stepwise mechanism. However, the lowest activation energy is found for the Q.+ cycloreversion to norbornadiene that has a transition structure, in close correspondence with earlier studies, and an activation energy of 10.1 kcal mol−1, which agrees well with the experimental estimate of 9.3 kcal mol−1. The computational estimates of activation energies were done using the CCSD(T)/6–311+G(d,p) method with geometries optimized on the B3LYP/6–311+G(d,p) level, combined with B3LYP/6–311+G(d,p) frequencies.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.