Hierarchical Self-Assembly, Coassembly, and Self-Organization of Novel Liquid Crystalline Lattices and Superlattices from a Twin-Tapered Dendritic Benzamide and Its Four-Cylinder-Bundle Supramolecular Polymer

Authors

  • Virgil Percec Prof.,

    1. Roy & Diana Vagelos Laboratories Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA, Fax: (+1) 215-573-7888
    2. Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA
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  • Tushar K. Bera Dr.,

    1. Roy & Diana Vagelos Laboratories Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA, Fax: (+1) 215-573-7888
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  • Martin Glodde Dr.,

    1. Roy & Diana Vagelos Laboratories Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA, Fax: (+1) 215-573-7888
    2. Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA
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  • Qiongying Fu,

    1. Roy & Diana Vagelos Laboratories Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA, Fax: (+1) 215-573-7888
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  • Venkatachalapathy S. K. Balagurusamy Dr.,

    1. Roy & Diana Vagelos Laboratories Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA, Fax: (+1) 215-573-7888
    2. Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA
    3. Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA
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  • Paul A. Heiney Prof.

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA
    2. Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 19104-6323, USA
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Abstract

The synthesis and structural analysis of the twin-dendritic benzamide 10, based on the first-generation, self-assembling, tapered dendrons 3,4,5-tris(4′-dodecyloxybenzyloxy)benzoic acid and 3,4,5-tris(4′-dodecyloxybenzyloxy)-1-aminobenzene, and the polymethacrylate, 20, which contains 10 as side groups, are presented. Benzamide 10 self-assembles into a supramolecular cylindrical dendrimer that self-organizes into a columnar hexagonal (Φh) liquid crystalline (LC) phase. Polymer 20 self-assembles into an imperfect four-cylinder-bundle supramolecular dendrimer, and creates a giant vesicular supercylinder that self-organizes into a columnar nematic (Nc) LC phase which displays short-range hexagonal order. In mixtures of 20 and 10, 10 acts as a guest and 20 as a host to create a perfect four-cylinder-bundle host–guest supramolecular dendrimer that coorganizes with 10. A diversity of Φh, simple rectangular columnar (Φr-s) and centered rectangular columnar (Φr-c), superlattices are produced at different ratios between 20 and 10. This diversity of LC lattices and superlattices is facilitated by the architecture of the twin-dendritic building block, polymethacrylate, the host–guest supramolecular assembly, and by hydrogen bonding along the center of the supramolecular cylinders generated from 10 and 20.

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