• electron diffraction;
  • microwave heating;
  • nanostructures;
  • scanning probe microscopy;
  • thermal effects


Microwave (MW) rapid heating has received considerable attention as a new promising method for the one-pot synthesis of metallic nanostructures in solutions. In this concept, advantageous application of this method has been demonstrated by using some typical examples for the preparation of Ag, Au, Pt, and AuPd nanostructures. Not only spherical nanoparticles, but also single crystalline polygonal plates, sheets, rods, wires, tubes, and dendrites were prepared within a few minutes under MW heating. Morphologies and sizes of nanostructures could be controlled by changing various experimental parameters, such as the concentration of metallic salt and surfactant polymer, the chain length of the surfactant polymer, the solvent, and the reaction temperature. In general, nanostructures with smaller sizes, narrower size distributions, and a higher degree of crystallization were obtained under MW heating than those in conventional oil-bath heating. The origin of these characteristic features under MW irradiation is discussed in terms of thermal and non-thermal effects under MW irradiation.