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Keywords:

  • biphasic catalysis;
  • heterogeneous catalysis;
  • kinetic resolution;
  • racemization;
  • zeolites

Abstract

Acid zeolites were screened as heterogeneous catalysts for racemization of benzylic alcohols. The most promising zeolites appeared to be H-Beta zeolites, for which the optimal reaction conditions were studied in further detail. The zeolite performance was compared to that of homogeneous acids and acid resins under similar reaction conditions. In a second part of the research, H-Beta zeolites were applied in dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) of 1-phenylethanol, which was conducted by means of a two-phase approach and which resulted in yields smoothly crossing the 50 % border up to 90 %, with an enantiomeric excess of >99 %. To explore the applicability of this biphasic methodology, several other substrates were examined in the standard racemization reaction and in the biphasic dynamic kinetic resolution.