[Ru(bpy)3]2+-Doped Silica Nanoparticles within Layer-by-Layer Biomolecular Coatings and Their Application as a Biocompatible Electrochemiluminescent Tag Material

Authors

  • Hui Wei,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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  • Jifeng Liu Dr.,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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  • Lingling Zhou,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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  • Jing Li,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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  • Xiue Jiang Dr.,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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  • Jianzhen Kang Dr.,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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  • Xiurong Yang Prof.,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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  • Shaojun Dong Prof.,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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  • Erkang Wang Prof.

    1. State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China
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Abstract

[Ru(bpy)3]2+-doped silica (RuSi) nanoparticles were synthesized by using a water/oil microemulsion method. Stable electrochemiluminescence (ECL) was obtained when the RuSi nanoparticles were immobilized on a glassy carbon electrode by using tripropylamine (TPA) as a coreactant. Furthermore, the ECL of the RuSi nanoparticles with layer-by-layer biomolecular coatings was investigated. Squential self-assembly of the polyelectrolytes and biomolecules on the RuSi nanoparticles gave nanocomposite suspensions, the ECL of which decreased on increasing the number of bilayers. Moreover, factors that affected the assembly and ECL signals were investigated. The decrease in ECL could be assigned to steric hindrance and limited diffusion of the coreactant molecules in the silica matrix after they were attached to the biomolecules. Since surface modification of the RuSi nanoparticles can improve their biocompatibility and prevent leaking of the [Ru(bpy)3]2+ ions, the RuSi nanoparticles can be readily used as efficient and stable ECL tag materials in immunoassay and DNA detection.

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